By Céline Chazot (French) ~
Before leaving Brazil, we wanted to make a stop in Brasília, the Administrative Capital of Brazil.
The Brasília project is quite a challenge, a way of rethinking Brazil, resulting from the desire to better distribute the country’s wealth, in the past largely concentrated on the coast (Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo).
It was under the leadership of President Juscelino Kubitschek that the capital of Brasilia was born between 1956 and April, 21st 1960, the day of his inauguration. It took just four years to build the new capital.
The project was directed by architects Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa. With its modern lines and curves that emphasize the desire to break with a past full of external influences. Brasília is the epitome of futuristic cities, as it was conceived in the years 1950-60.
The town planner Lúcio Costa is the author of the Pilot Plan, which gives the city a form of aircraft. The main buildings were designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer: the Cathedral, the National Congress, the Foreign Ministry, the Supreme Court and the Palace of the Presidency.
The city is organized around two perpendicular axes: l’Eixo monumental et l’Eixo Rodoviário (or more simply Eixão). This is around the Eixo monumental that you will discover a concentration of architectural feats!
Such as the Cathedral from Oscar Niemeyer, the National Theatre, the National Museum Honestino Guimarães,…
Moreover, among the buildings located on this axis, you will find all the official buildings from which all the major decisions of the country are taken. One of the most important buildings of the country is the National Congress composed of the Senate on the left, and the reversed dome and Chamber of Deputies located on the right.
There is also the Esplanade of the Ministries materialized by the alignment of the buildings where the various ministries of the country are located. And finally the Palácio do Itamaraty (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Brasília is recognized for its architectural performances, moreover, its central position in the Brazilian territory is a geographical positioning wisely chosen to manage the population and the economy of the country.
The only downside is that there is no downtown as most cities. That gives the impression to roam the suburbs of a city whose center was forgotten, soulless … It is perhaps a failing historic city where the attention of planners and renowned architects has been paid to their imagination, their innovations and their dreams, but on the other hand, they seem to have forgotten the place of Brasilienses, residents of Brasilia.
Certainly, one cannot remain indifferent after visiting Brasília. This is a city without a full history, however that is part of the history of the country and today more than ever. Above all, it is the beating heart of Brazil!
What will Brasília become in 50 or 100 years ?? It would be a shame to let the Brasília 60s concept fall into disuse, because it is precisely now and in the coming years as the history of Brasília will be!!